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May 26, 2015

What is Tubal Cannulation ?

Tubal cannulation is a procedure to open up tubal corneal blocks (origin of fallopian tubes near the uterus). It is done under hysteroscopic guidance (a procedure that allows the Gynaecologist to see inside the womb by means of a fine telescope called Hysteroscope, introduced through the neck of the womb). It involves passage of a fine wire through the hysteroscope into the opening of fallopian tubes. This part of the fallopian tube at the junction of uterus and tubes, it is as thin as a hair and such a procedure often removes blockage due to mucous plugs or debris, thus […]
May 26, 2015

What is a Uterine Polyp?

A uterine polyp, also known as endometrial polyp is an overgrowth of lining of the uterus. The concept is similar to that of a skin tag – basically normal tissue, but growing in an abnormal fashion. They are soft, fleshy growths that form on the inside of the uterus. Polyps remain attached to the uterus by a large base (sessile) or thin stalks (pedunculated). Why does a polyp occur? Uterine polyps arise from cells which form the endometrium, the inside lining of the uterus. During monthly cycle, the endometrial lining begins to grow, in preparation for implantation or attachment of […]
May 26, 2015

What is a T-Shaped Uterus ?

The normal uterine or womb cavity is triangular in shape and spacious. Such a normal triangular cavity is a prerequisite for attachment of embryo and carrying the pregnancy for 9 months. In a T shaped uterus this normal triangular cavity is replaced with a cavity resembling English alphabet ‘T’, i.e. the cavity is broader at the top and narrow tube like below. Such a cavity is not spacious enough and may lead to infertility, abortions and preterm delivery. Normal triangular uterine cavity T- shaped uterine cavity However some women may have normal pregnancy with T- shaped uterus. It can be […]
May 25, 2015

What is Hysteroscopy ?

Video of diagnostic Hysteroscopy   Hysteri = uterus; scopy = to see Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows Gynaecologist to see inside the womb by means of a fine telescope (Hysteroscope) that can be introduced through the (cervix) neck of the womb. Hysteroscopy can be painless and can be done in an outpatient basis. More often it is done in an operation theatre under anaesthesia. Hysteroscopy usually follows investigations such as Hysterosalpingography or transvaginal ultrasound. A small telescope, the hysteroscope, is passed through the cervix and the inside of the uterine cavity can be seen. A small camera is attached […]
May 25, 2015

What are Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a general term used to describe infection of uterus (womb), fallopian tubes (tubes that carry egg, sperm, embryo between ovaries and uterus), ovaries and other reproductive organs. The pelvic organs get infected commonly due to bacterial organisms. These organisms reach the uterus, tubes and ovaries through sexual route i.e. vagina. Gonorrhoea and chlamydia are two common bacterial organisms that cause PID. Tuberculosis can also cause PID. Tuberculosis can be transmitted via the sexual route or through blood when some other organ in body is infected. While infection of the uterus is called endomyometritis. Salpingitis and salpingoophoritis […]