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May 25, 2015

What Is PCOS ?

PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome or polycystic ovarian disease is a name given to a hormonal imbalance which may present as following: Menstrual irregularities: No menses, irregular menses, less bleeding during menses. Abnormal (androgenic pattern) hair growth over chin, upper lip, cheeks etc or excessive hair growth on arms and legs. Increase in weight. There is enlargement of one or both the ovaries which leads the ovaries and a gland (pituitary) in the brain to secrete hormones in an irregular manner. This hormonal irregularity further leads to failure of ovulation (egg) from the ovaries and thereby difficulty in conceiving, increased […]
May 23, 2015

What are Fibroids?

What are Fibroids? Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths in the womb (uterus). They are made of muscle and other tissue. Fibroids almost never develop into cancer. They are also called leiomyomas or myomas. Uterine fibroids are very common in women of childbearing age (20-45 years). The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may appear inside the uterus (submucous fibroids), on its outer surface (subserosal), within its wall (intramural), or attached to it by a stem like structure (pedunculated). Fibroids can range in size from small, pea-sized growths to large, round ones that may be […]
May 22, 2015

What is Endometriosis ?

Endometriosis is a common condition that affects women during the reproductive years. Endometriosis is a condition where tissue, similar to the one that normally grows inside the uterus (lining of uterus), also grows outside of the uterus. The tissue inside the uterus is called “endometrium” and the tissue outside of the uterus is called “endometriosis”. The most common places where endometriosis occurs are the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the bowel, and the areas in front, in back, and to the sides of the uterus. If you have severe pain during menses and also having some trouble in conceiving then you […]
May 22, 2015

What is Laparoscopy ?

Laparoscopy is a procedure that involves insertion of a narrow telescope-like instrument through a small incision in or near the belly button. This allows visualization of the abdominal and pelvic organs including the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Laparoscopy is sometimes referred to as ‘band-aid’ surgery since the incisions are very small and usually covered with a band-aid (Steri-strip). Some people refer to it as a key- hole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. Normal Uterus with bilateral tubes and ovaries on diagnostic laparoscopy     Do all women with infertility need to undergo this surgery? No. Laparoscopy is not indicated […]
May 22, 2015

What is Endoscopic Surgery?

Endoscopic surgery is a surgery in which long telescope like instruments are used through small incisions or natural body openings in order to diagnose and treat disease. Another popular term is minimally invasive surgery (MIS), which emphasizes that diagnosis and treatments can be done with reduced body cavity invasion. Commonly performed endoscopic surgeries in infertility management are laparoscopy (instrument introduced through the abdomen to visualize the womb and its surroundings like the fallopian tube and ovaries from above) and hysteroscopy (instrument introduced through vagina and cervix to visualize the inside of the womb). Both of these can be either diagnostic […]