May 26, 2015

What is a T-Shaped Uterus ?

The normal uterine or womb cavity is triangular in shape and spacious. Such a normal triangular cavity is a prerequisite for attachment of embryo and carrying the pregnancy for 9 months. In a T shaped uterus this normal triangular cavity is replaced with a cavity resembling English alphabet ‘T’, i.e. the cavity is broader at the top and narrow tube like below. Such a cavity is not spacious enough and may lead to infertility, abortions and preterm delivery. Normal triangular uterine cavity T- shaped uterine cavity However some women may have normal pregnancy with T- shaped uterus. It can be […]
May 25, 2015

What is Hysteroscopy ?

Video of diagnostic Hysteroscopy   Hysteri = uterus; scopy = to see Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows Gynaecologist to see inside the womb by means of a fine telescope (Hysteroscope) that can be introduced through the (cervix) neck of the womb. Hysteroscopy can be painless and can be done in an outpatient basis. More often it is done in an operation theatre under anaesthesia. Hysteroscopy usually follows investigations such as Hysterosalpingography or transvaginal ultrasound. A small telescope, the hysteroscope, is passed through the cervix and the inside of the uterine cavity can be seen. A small camera is attached […]
May 25, 2015

What are Pelvic Inflammatory Diseases (PID)?

Pelvic inflammatory disease is a general term used to describe infection of uterus (womb), fallopian tubes (tubes that carry egg, sperm, embryo between ovaries and uterus), ovaries and other reproductive organs. The pelvic organs get infected commonly due to bacterial organisms. These organisms reach the uterus, tubes and ovaries through sexual route i.e. vagina. Gonorrhoea and chlamydia are two common bacterial organisms that cause PID. Tuberculosis can also cause PID. Tuberculosis can be transmitted via the sexual route or through blood when some other organ in body is infected. While infection of the uterus is called endomyometritis. Salpingitis and salpingoophoritis […]
May 25, 2015

What Is PCOS ?

PCOS or polycystic ovarian syndrome or polycystic ovarian disease is a name given to a hormonal imbalance which may present as following: Menstrual irregularities: No menses, irregular menses, less bleeding during menses. Abnormal (androgenic pattern) hair growth over chin, upper lip, cheeks etc or excessive hair growth on arms and legs. Increase in weight. There is enlargement of one or both the ovaries which leads the ovaries and a gland (pituitary) in the brain to secrete hormones in an irregular manner. This hormonal irregularity further leads to failure of ovulation (egg) from the ovaries and thereby difficulty in conceiving, increased […]
May 23, 2015

What are Fibroids?

What are Fibroids? Uterine fibroids are benign (not cancer) growths in the womb (uterus). They are made of muscle and other tissue. Fibroids almost never develop into cancer. They are also called leiomyomas or myomas. Uterine fibroids are very common in women of childbearing age (20-45 years). The size, shape, and location of fibroids can vary greatly. They may appear inside the uterus (submucous fibroids), on its outer surface (subserosal), within its wall (intramural), or attached to it by a stem like structure (pedunculated). Fibroids can range in size from small, pea-sized growths to large, round ones that may be […]