May 26, 2015

What is a Uterine Septum?

Uterine septum is a deviation from normal shape of the uterus which is present congenitally (from birth). The uterine cavity is normal or slightly enlarged with a central septum. It is like a curtain dividing the uterine cavity into two spaces. This curtain can be partial i.e. dividing only the upper part of the cavity into two or complete, in which case the curtain divides the entire uterine cavity into two. (Laparoscopic view of Arcuate uterus / uterus with septum) 3D Ultrasound image of T shaped uterus   USG image of T shaped uterus T shaped uterus due to uterine […]
May 26, 2015

What is Asherman’s Syndrome ?

Intrauterine Adhesions & Asherman’s Syndrome Asherman’s syndrome or intrauterine adhesions, is an acquired uterine condition, characterized by formation of adhesions or scar tissue within the uterus. In simple language these are thick bands of scar tissue which make the front and back wall of uterus stick to each other. (To naked eye they look like dried glue bands). The scar tissue may lead to obliteration of the cavity. They may occupy only a part of uterus or the entire cavity. Depending on the extent of adhesions we can classify the syndrome as mild, moderate or severe. These adhesions are generally […]
May 26, 2015

What is Tubal Cannulation ?

Tubal cannulation is a procedure to open up tubal corneal blocks (origin of fallopian tubes near the uterus). It is done under hysteroscopic guidance (a procedure that allows the Gynaecologist to see inside the womb by means of a fine telescope called Hysteroscope, introduced through the neck of the womb). It involves passage of a fine wire through the hysteroscope into the opening of fallopian tubes. This part of the fallopian tube at the junction of uterus and tubes, it is as thin as a hair and such a procedure often removes blockage due to mucous plugs or debris, thus […]
May 26, 2015

What is a Uterine Polyp?

A uterine polyp, also known as endometrial polyp is an overgrowth of lining of the uterus. The concept is similar to that of a skin tag – basically normal tissue, but growing in an abnormal fashion. They are soft, fleshy growths that form on the inside of the uterus. Polyps remain attached to the uterus by a large base (sessile) or thin stalks (pedunculated). Why does a polyp occur? Uterine polyps arise from cells which form the endometrium, the inside lining of the uterus. During monthly cycle, the endometrial lining begins to grow, in preparation for implantation or attachment of […]
May 26, 2015

What is a T-Shaped Uterus ?

The normal uterine or womb cavity is triangular in shape and spacious. Such a normal triangular cavity is a prerequisite for attachment of embryo and carrying the pregnancy for 9 months. In a T shaped uterus this normal triangular cavity is replaced with a cavity resembling English alphabet ‘T’, i.e. the cavity is broader at the top and narrow tube like below. Such a cavity is not spacious enough and may lead to infertility, abortions and preterm delivery. Normal triangular uterine cavity T- shaped uterine cavity However some women may have normal pregnancy with T- shaped uterus. It can be […]