Endoscopic surgery is a surgery in which long telescope like instruments are used through small incisions or natural body openings in order to diagnose and treat disease. Another popular term is minimally invasive surgery (MIS), which emphasizes that diagnosis and treatments can be done with reduced body cavity invasion.
Commonly performed endoscopic surgeries in infertility management are laparoscopy (instrument introduced through the abdomen to visualize the womb and its surroundings like the fallopian tube and ovaries from above) and hysteroscopy (instrument introduced through vagina and cervix to visualize the inside of the womb). Both of these can be either diagnostic (to diagnose the cause leading to infertility) or operative (to treat the condition leading to infertility ).
At Ankoor fertility clinic we offer all kind of endoscopic surgeries, both diagnostic and operative under one roof. In certain cases while doing diagnostic surgeries if some disease or condition is diagnosed which requires operative intervention, then the same is also done (only after the consent of the couple) in the same sitting.
For example, if on doing a diagnostic laparoscopy, we find that there is some endometriosis (discussed in details later), we fulgurate (cauterize or burn the unhealthy and abnormal tissue) .
This helps to reduce the burden of undergoing another operative procedure to the patient, which in turn reduces the risk of another anaesthesia, cost of surgery and also fewer days for recovery .
Some of the common indications for using endoscopic surgeries in infertility